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Wednesday, May 12, 2021

Ten Things to Know About Current Indian Reservations Saanvi Kunisetty

 Ten Things to Know About Current Indian Reservations

Saanvi Kunisetty

  1. Due to issues Native Americans face very often, such as poverty, unemployment, sexual assault, and more, the number of suicides of young indigenous people in some Indian reservations is up to ten times greater than the national average (1). 


  1. Approximately 3 out of every 4 people living on Native American reservations in America are non-Indian (1). 


  1. Indigenous women are frequently abused by non-Native Americans on tribal land, and hence have the highest rates of assault in comparison to other ethnic groups in the United States (1).


  1. Over half of the Native American population does not live on Indian reservations. They instead leave to seek education and employment, returning back to their home on the reservation for family gatherings, celebrations, rituals, cultural activities, tribal elections, burials, retirement, and more (2).


  1. Local economy is hitting a low for many Native American reservations, so many tribes have been building casinos on the reservation as a tourist destination in order to improve the economy (3).


  1. Since 2013, a protest movement called “Idle No More” has been working to raise awareness about the situation of Native Americans on reservations, and voicing the importance of the government’s need to protect the environment on reservations (4).


  1. Approximately 90,000 of indigenous families are under-sheltered or are completely homeless, as a lot of the housing on the reservation is not up to par (5).


  1. Access to employment is very limited on Indian reservations, and hence, almost 50% of Native Americans are jobless (5).


  1. Since getting contracts implemented and enforced under tribal law can become very difficult or unreliable, companies are reluctant to do business on Indian reservations, further worsening the economic situation of the indigenous community (6).


  1. Many Native Americans are unable to invest in their home to further improve its condition, since a vast amount of land on reservations is held communally, so they technically don’t even own their own land and home (6).


Resource #1: 

https://www.factretriever.com/native-american-facts


Resource #2: 

https://www.bia.gov/frequently-asked-questions


Resource #3: https://www.ducksters.com/history/native_americans/indian_reservations.php#:~:text=Interesting%20Facts%20about%20Native%20American%20Reservations&text=There%20are%20566%20federally%20recognized,the%20most%20reservations%20with%20121.


Resource #4:

https://www.coolkidfacts.com/native-american-reservations/


Resource #5: 

http://www.nativepartnership.org/site/DocServer/RESERVATION_FACTS.pdf?docID=1241


Resource #6:

https://www.forbes.com/sites/johnkoppisch/2011/12/13/why-are-indian-reservations-so-poor-a-look-at-the-bottom-1/?sh=bace3de3c079

A discussion of vaccines for teens by Aryan Doshi

 On May 10th, 2021, the U.S. administration approved the Pfizer vaccine for 12-15-year-olds. The purpose of this is to help protect the youth as they return to school in the coming fall. (“Newsela | Pfizer COVID-19 Vaccine Expanded to U.S. Children as Young as 12”) This information is significant because students in 6th grade and beyond will now have access to the vaccine. Furthermore, it brings a sense of security to everyone attending school in the future. As students take the vaccine, restrictions will begin to reduce. I know many of my friends are longing to return to in-person school and their ordinary lives in general. I know I want to experience regular high school life because virtual school is not a valid substitute. Lockdown has been a stressful time for many people. It has mentally and physically drained people in many aspects of their lives. Additionally, seeing my friends and family socially distant is the same experience. Not to mention vacations as a family.  A sense of normalcy again can improve and help bring joy to students. Although the pandemic has not ended, a step has been taken in the right direction. 

Works Cited


“Newsela | Pfizer COVID-19 Vaccine Expanded to U.S. Children as Young as 12.” Newsela.com, Newsela, 2021, newsela.com/read/pfizer-vaccine-approved-age-12/id/2001021031/. Accessed 12 May 2021.

Monday, May 10, 2021

Home - A Short Story by Saanvi Kunisetty

 Home- A Short Story

Saanvi Kunisetty


My lungs were engulfed in a vast sea of; something. Suffocating against the treacherous waves of this “something”, they struggled to overcome the tides. Through my eyes, now filled to the brim, I could see a distorted vision of a pavement, splattered with brown like a canvas, and a procession of wet tires squelching. As the visions began to contort, the thuds of my existence began to slow, each one distancing me from the very reason I was here.


*** A half-hour ago***


The blend of cardamom, onions, and cumin wafted through the air, lingering around me. Ah, I thought, If India had a signature scent, this would be it. The horns blaring incessantly amidst the traffic, vendors selling pani puri in their stalls, and the distant echo of a fight- this was India for sure. It had been years since I had been here, and I finally began to realize how dearly I missed it. Thank you, Amulya.


I urged my feet to walk faster, finding their way between strewn trash, soil, and the occasional rupee lying in isolation on the footpath. I had to find Ammu; before it was too late. 


“I have to go, Ammu.”

“Don’t-”

“I love you Ammu, but America… they say it’s something beyond the wildest of our dreams- nothing you would ever find here.”

Amulya’s kind features turned sharp. “This country is my home; people sacrificed their lives for the very soil we are standing on. Go now, and if you ever do realize the worth and value of this country, come back here at this very time next year.”

“And if I don’t come…”

She turned around abruptly, and ran away, vanishing beneath the curtains of crowds of busy people.


My stroll morphed into a desperate jog, as I feared that every second, my grasp of her, of this country, was slackening. But with a sudden skid…


I couldn’t breathe...Where was she now? Would I ever see her again? As if answering my question with malevolence, the murky water filled my lungs, and I was immersed instantaneously in black.


***


I coughed and hacked, my throat rough, and a stream of water emerged from my mouth on cue. The blurred scene began to come together, and the recollections of the past event were brought harshly to my attention. I jutted up with fear, but was pushed down gently by a soft and familiar hand. 


Those brown eyes, speckled with flecks of gold, dancing in the light. The veil of thick black hair, full of luster and shine I had never witnessed. Her kind and lovable demeanor- the visions came rushing back with such intensity. It was Amulya.


“I’m here,” she said.

What We Can Learn From The Odyssey Saanvi Kunisetty

 What We Can Learn From The Odyssey

Saanvi Kunisetty


When a starving Odysseus prevents himself from eating the cattle of God Helios, he learns that his self-control can save his life. When Odysseus and his crewmates first arrive at the island where Helios’ cattle is, they are nearly starving to death. While Odysseus fights the temptation to eat the cattle, his attempts to convince his crewmates not to do so go in vain. His crewmates are severely punished by Zeus for their sins, but Odysseus is spared. As Odysseus escapes death very narrowly, he acknowledges “no more seafaring homeward for these [crewmates], no sweet day of return; the god had turned his face from them” (Homer 953-955). At this moment, Odysseus recognizes that the storm which killed all his crewmates and left him alone was nothing other than a punishment of the Gods for the sins committed. Not only Odysseus, but even the reader realizes that Odysseus missed the clutches of death very narrowly, all due to the fact that he had the willpower to resist eating the Sun God’s cattle. If he had also given up and eaten the cattle, he would not have been able to continue his journey home. Hence, from Odysseus’ encounter with Helios’ cattle, the reader can learn that self-control is an imperative quality to have in life.


Works Cited 

Homer. The Odyssey. Prentice Hall Literature. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall

Publishing. 2005.

Sunday, May 9, 2021

Random What Ifs… by Saanvi Kunisetty

 Random What Ifs…

Saanvi Kunisetty


What if the Earth was flat? This makes no sense whatsoever, but what if it was? Would there be no seasons? Would we die because the Earth wouldn’t spin on its axis? Since it was flat…


What if we just fell off Earth into space?  That would be painful, especially without an astronaut suit, oxygen, and preparation. And that just would get confusing with all the space rules in gravity. Would we just start floating up or something? Hmm...Gravity…


What if an apple never fell on Isaac Newton’s head? Supposedly, the reason Isaac Newton discovered gravity is because he was sitting under an apple tree when an apple fell on his head. This provoked him to wonder why the apple fell down, and not up. So, who would have discovered gravity if the apple hadn’t fallen? We really have to thank that long gone apple.


What if we fell up? Imagine falling was falling up? Like, maybe, if you tripped, you wouldn’t fall to the ground. You would instead rise into the air and then land softly on the ground. Technically, this would prevent many injuries. So, maybe it would be better if we fell up? 


What if we never got injured? Would there be any pain in the world? Nothing would ever hurt. People could take big risks without sacrificing lives, which would be a big advantage. But then again, that is physically. People would get more hurt mentally, I would think.


What if we didn’t have emotions? Then, we would, really, actually, not get hurt. This would be helpful. But, we really need emotions. Our life would have no point without emotions.


What if there was no life on Earth? That would be better for planet Earth, no garbage, littering, pollution, and all. But, what is the point of Earth existing if there is no reason for it. What is the point of all those trees, rivers, and mountains, if nothing ever saw it. 

Saturday, May 8, 2021

Water Turbine Designs Saanvi Kunisetty

 Water Turbine Designs

Saanvi Kunisetty


Pelton Water-Turbine Design:

In the Pelton Turbine design, the circumference of the wheel is surrounded by equally spaced cups that catch water. The water in the cup is split in half, and both halves are deflected out of the cup. The jets of water push against the cups, making the wheel start to rotate. This turbine works when jets of water enter at high velocities and with high pressure. This type of turbine is smooth-running and high speed, so it works in high-speed and low-volume water conditions.

Turgo Water-Turbine Design:


Jets of water strike the turbine blades in this design. A series of water jets strike the curved blades at an angle, and not perfectly tangent to the blades. The curved blades catch water, and hence, the blades start to rotate. A higher flow rate of water is allowed in this design, as water jets hit at an angle, and then leave at an angle instead of hindering the entrance of other water jets. Turgo turbines have a smaller diameter due to their higher flow rate, which allows them to rotate faster. Regardless, they aren’t that efficient.

Francis Water-Turbine Design:


The entire turbine in this design is submerged in the water, which is surrounded by pressurized casing. Water enters the casing through guided slots which flow directly to the turbine blades at the chosen angle. The water hits and glides over the curved blades, producing pressure, and causing the blades to rotate. The Francis turbine is good for adjustability as you can change the angle by changing the placement of the slots and vanes through which water flows. The turbine requires a large quantity of water.


Resources:

https://www.alternative-energy-tutorials.com/hydro-energy/water-turbine-design.html

Wind Turbine Design Saanvi Kunisetty

 Wind Turbine Design

Saanvi Kunisetty

Parts of a Wind Turbine:

Aside from the minor auxiliary parts, there are six major parts to a wind turbine. The foundation is on the ground for onshore turbines, and under the water for offshore turbines. The tower is generally made of steel, and should be the same height as the diameter that the circle of the blades make when rotating. The rotor is the rotating part of the turbine with the blades (generally 3), which are generally made large, light, and strong. The hub holds the blades and allows them to rotate. The nacelle is the structure on top of the tower that holds all the necessary components required for operation of the turbine. The generator, which has the same structure as an electric motor, converts mechanical energy from the wind into electricity.

Blade Design:

For a long time, flat blade designs were more common. In flat blades, the wind pushes on the blade and the blade pushes back on the wind. This ends up slowing down the rate of rotation of the blade. Now, curved blades have become more popular, as they are more efficient. The curved blades are aerodynamically very similar to an airplane’s wing. The advantage of curved blades in comparison to flat blades is that the lift force makes the blade tips move faster than the wind is moving, generating more power. Hence, lift-based wind turbine blades are becoming more common now.

 

Resources:

https://electricalacademia.com/renewable-energy/wind-turbine-parts-functions/

https://www.alternative-energy-tutorials.com/energy-articles/wind-turbine-blade-design.html